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Electrodermal Responses More Accurate Than Verbal report in PSI Hitting?
View More By Thomas Budzynski

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Futurehealth WinterBrain 20 minute plenary presentation by Tom Budzynski.

At the University of Colorado Medical Center a large meter registering nondominant hand electrodermal response (EDR) allowed videotaping from two different viewing angles of a fascinating card reading experiment.

The subject, Susie S., had already appeared on the Tonight Show with Johnny Carson and had apparent success with the experiment. Under the guidance of the renown parapsychologist and psychoanalyst Jules Eisenbud, the author and six scientific witnesses observed the experiment during which the subject, Susie S. sat on the other side of a large table. A deck of cards was shuffled by one of the scientific observers and spread out face down on the table well out of reach of Susie. At this point another of the observers silently chose a target card, e.g., 3 of spades and wrote his choice on a piece of paper. The author would then pull one card at a time out of the mass of shuffled cards without looking at the face of the card. If the EDR meter registered a response the card was placed (still face down) in a "hot" pile. If there was no response it was put in the "cold" pile.

After all the cards had been gone through, the hot pile would then be spread out and the process repeated. In these repetitions some of the formerly "hot" cards would not register, but others would, resulting in a smaller pile of hot cards. This process was repeated until the EDR had to "choose" between the last two cards. During all this time Susie was asked to make a verbal guess if she felt strongly about. In the 15 trials she never once gave a verbal response because as she said later, she did not feel, in the presence of so many scientists, thatshe could predict accurately. However, her EDR correctly predicted 12 out of 15 trial outcomes. In one trial, considered a miss, the EDR could not differentiate between the final 2 cards. It registered a hot response of equal value with each card. The 2 cards turned out to be the 3 of spades and the 3 of clubs (both black and both 3s).


Tom Budzynski is respected as one of the pioneers in the field of biofeedback.

He passed away on February 14, at age 77. He spent his last years as a clinical psychologist in private practice in Poulsbo, Washington. His specialty is neurotherapy or EEG Biofeedback. In his earlier life he was an aerospace engineer working at Area 51 on the Blackbird project.

He was also an Affiliate Professor of Psychology, University of Washington and Licensed Psychologist in the State of Washington

Dr. Budzynski held a BSEE as well as Masters and Ph.D. in Psychology.

Past president of the Biofeedback Research Society (now Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback

Recipient of the AAPB Distinguished
Scientist Award and ISNR Career
Achievement Award

Podcast interview with Rob Kall, recorded February 14, 2010

Tom's Facebook page

Other Products by Thomas Budzynski

1) Neurofeedback in Twilight Learning: Communicating with the Non-Dominant Hemisphere
2) Energy Medicine: Exciting Area of Application
3) Neurofb and AVS in Stroke, Head Injury, and Cognitive Deficits in the Elderly
4) Audio visual Entertainment for Improving Mental Function & Cognition in Seniors
5) The Science of Biofeedback

MP3 (20 mins)   $7.00
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