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Abstracts: Winter Brain 2000 and

Optimal Functioning and Positive Psychology Meeting


Return to Winter Brain 2000 Schedule and Registration Page

If you can't make it to the meeting, you can order audio tapes ($12.50 per tape) of lectures and both video and audio tapes of workshops (2 hrs $39 audio, $49 video, 4 hrs. $79 audio, $95 video.

This is a big file. It doesnt' seem to format very well either. The best way to use it is to right click on your mouse, then copy the entire page to your word processor.

I suggest you make several columns on the page. Then you'll be able to print it out without using half a forest worth of paper. Rob Kall, meeting founder/organizer

Three Year Violence Study Follow-up
Alfonso Bermea

WS2 Neurofeedback And Working With Violence
Alfonso Bermea

Reward Deficiency Syndrome and ADD
Ken Blum
WS2 Reward Deficiency Syndrome
Ken Blum

Panel: Finding Strengths where Pathology is Labeled
Ken Blum, Rob Kall, Thom Hartmann, others
As the DSM4, by combining more and more behavior profiles, creates a growing number of diagnosticc categories, the percentage of the population NOT diagnosable is dwindling-- to less than 15% by some estimates.

This panel will explore the strengths,assets and societal benefits found in some of "disorders" and "pathologies."

The quotes below are exampes of a way of reframing diagnosed pathologies as assets or differences which people can use to live more comfortably or even happily with these diagnoses.
 
"There are faults so closely allied to certain good qualities that they announce their presence, and of such we do well not to cure ourselves."
Joubert, Joseph, Pensees, Titre 5
 
"Best men are moulded out of faults."
Shakespeare
 
I thank God for my handicaps, for through them, I have found myself, my work, and my God.
Helen Keller
 
"Tis to my faults that I, my virtues owe."
LaFare, Marquis De
 
The greatest works of the human mind are very certainly the least perfect.
Vauvenargues
 
Still here I carry my old delicious burdens;
I carry them, men and women-- I carry them with me wherever I go;
I swear it is impossible for me to get rid of them;
I am fill'd with them, and I will fill them in return.)
Whitman, Walt, Song of The Open Road
 
We never enjoy perfect happiness; our most fortunate successes are mingled with sadness; some anxieties always perplex the reality of our satisfaction.
Pierre Corneille  
Improvement makes straight roads; but the crooked roads without improvement are roads of genius.
William Blake
Advances In The Period 3 Approach: Changing Perspectives And Navigating the NeuroCare Matrix ™ 4 Hour Workshop
Valdeane W. Brown, Ph.D. and Susan Cheshire Brown, Ph.D.
Many clinicians are already well aware of the Period 3 Approach to CNS Functional Transformation using Non-Linear Dynamical (NLD) Control Mechanisms. They know the simple yet comprehensive way this paradigm organizes the diversity of techniques available to practicing neurofeedback clinicians. And they know how effective this single approach is across the entire range of disorders and conditions for which neurofeedback is used. Until now constraints in computing platforms and software have limited the full impact of the Period 3 Approach. In particular, each of the periods has been conceptualized as a separate procedure and clinicians have fractionated their clients between them. This has, of course, led to questions concerning the appropriate or optimal sequencing of these transitions ÿ an unfortunate outcome of limitations in computers, not the paradigm. Although highly effective, this quasi-sequenced implementation has diminished the potential of a truly revolutionary approach. With new equipment it is now possible to implement the full protocol concurrently: we call this advance the NeuroCare Matrix ™. Navigating the NeuroCare Matrix ™ involves "real-time" processing of multiple augmentation parameters as well as multiple inhibits. In the past, we could only train SMR and Beta simultaneously and this restriced the clinician to focussing on a single, limiting perspective on the emerging clinical data. Now we can train all of the augments simultaneously, raising several important issues. In this workshop, we will consider these issues and reveal new training approaches that are only now possible. You will learn how to:

Shift perspectives on the matrix to emulate older more limited systems.

Use Joint-Time Frequency Analysis (JTFA) techniques to analyze your data meaningfully and easily.

Use a new improved Frequency Mirror to both monitor ongoing EEG and to threshold and modify filter ranges on the fly.

Maximize clinical effectiveness by navigating the NeuroCare Matrix ™.
 
Goals:
Describe how the NeuroCare Matrix ™ is a superset incorporating all current neurofeedback paradigms
Describe how to use the new improved Frequency Mirror to both monitor ongoing EEG and to threshold and modify filter ranges.

Describe the role of JTFA in analyzing EEG.
 
Questions:
The CNS can only train one augment target at a time, more is too confusing. False

When using the NeuroCare Matrix ™ the major difference in training paradigms centers around whether training occurs with eyes open or closed. True

Using linegraphs to monitor the raw waveform is critically important for clinicians using computerized systems. False

Other systems and approaches represent smaller sets of therapeutic possibilities than the Period 3 Approach and this can be seen easily by shifting between perspectives on the NeuroCare Matrix ™. True

Mean, Standard Deviation and Variance are more appropriate, intuitive and visually comprehensible measures than JTFA. False

Conscious processing on the part of the client, coupled with explicit coaching from the clinician, are essential ingredients of neurofeedback. False

Training is best accomplished when fixed trials and static thresholds are used. False
 
Thursday Lecture
Advances In Peak Performance: A Joint Time-Frequency Walk Through The NeuroCare Matrix(r)
Valdeane W. Brown, Ph.D.

For many in our field, Peak Performance continues to be the pursuit of rarefied states of
specialized excellence at great cost of time, effort and money. The outcomes, while
ostenstively profound, are necessarily limited in scope to world-class atheletes and those
who have enough disposable income to dedicate themselves to idiosyncratic or idealized
achievements.

This old ideal of pursuing Peak Performance continues to dominate the field, and leads to unfortunate outcomes, as it misses the larger field of application for our emerging technologies. What is needed is not more hyper-specialized protocols, but a transformation of a Spiritually Materialistic pursuit of trophies by the few, into increased access to Optimal Flow and Function for the many. How can this truly revolutionary advance occur in our field? Two things are needed.

The first is a comprehensive view of neurofeedback -- one that builds upon the non-linear, self-organizing quality of neurofeedback. This perspective will be presented in the context of the NeuroCare Matrix(r), which is a new, overarching perspective that actually integrates all of the current, disparate models into one real-time environment. The NeuroCare Matrix(r) allows practitioners to multiplex training paradigms concurrently, and not just sequence them. This is critically important as the fundamental characteristics of "Peak Performers" is not localized activation, or a particular EEG signature. Rather, the fundamental earmarks of those who demonstrate Optimal Flow and Function in their lives are resilience and flexibility.
A maximally flexible and resilient neurofeedback environment is one that can encompass all training approaches, so that the client's CNS can be exercised most effectively.

The second important advance is more thorough data analysis. This is the role played by Joint Time-Frequency Analyses (JTFA). All current equipment uses either time-based filters (such as FIRs, IIRs, etc), frequency-based filters (viz, FFTs), or a juxtaposition of these two approaches. Usually time-based filters are used for active feedback, whereas FFTs are used for ex post facto spectral analyses. These older approaches have been useful but they are fundamentally constrained, and this means that important attributes of data are missed. In contrast, JTFA allows for both time and frequency based filtering to occur in an integrated fashion -- and this yields some surprising results.

This presentation will present the insights regarding Peak Performance that have emerged through the use of JTFA within the NeuroCare Matrix(r). Although it may sound surprising, the most interesting insight is that using the incredibly complex analytic processes known as JTFA, allows the overall process of neurofeedback to become very simple...even when pursing Optimal Flow and Function.

NF Foundations Course Talk
 
What Are The Fundamentals of EEG And Clinical Neurofeedback: The Period 3 Approach Provides An Interesting Answer
Brown, Valdeane W., Ph.D.

Neurofeedback continues to evolve rapidly, in fact, it is probably more appropriate to consider the changes in this field to represent a revolution rather than an evolution. In particular, as we approach the Millenium, the question of fundamental training comes even more sharply into focus. What is the set of ideas, techniques, theory and know-how that are essential for providing this life changing technology to others? It is clear that extensive training in neuroanatomy, neurophysiology and a host of other fields is not essential to effective practice. Although such approaches continue to be promulgated, their specificity is mutually exclusive, contradictory and even arbitrary; however, despite their patent or obvious distinctions, there is little discernible difference in measurable outcomes among these partitive perspectives. They all do fairly well with their target symptoms, disorders or goals and considerably less well with everything else. Clearly a new paradigm is called for ÿ one that is easily accessible by the average practitioner, that does not require memorization of the useless arcanca of academia, and that offers a simple yet comprehensive approach to clinical neurofeedback. The Period 3 Approach offers just this breakthrough and will be used as the backdrop for introducing you to the remarkable benefits that the field of clinical neurofeedback has to offer to your clients. Based on the insights of Non-Linear, Dynamical (or NLD) theory and sophisticated analyses of specific EEG frequencies and their clinical correlates, the Period 3 Approach is the one approach that can be used across the entire range of disorders that you are likely to encounter in your clinical practice. You will learn:

The EEG correlates of consciousness and its modifications and perturbations

The role that can be played by NLD control mechanisms and how this paradigm simplifies and increases your clinical efficacy and efficiency

How to use static, dynamic and dynamical thresholds

How a more comprehensive filtering schema makes your job easier, while also maximizing the clinical response of the client

How to fractionate clients between states to increase both resilience and flexibilty in their EEG and how this leads their symptoms to just drop away
 
Goals:
To describe the structure and specifics of the Period 3 Approach
To describe the role of resilence and flexibility in symptom resolution
To describe the differences between static, dynamic and dynamical thresholds
To describe the EEG correlates in consciousness
 
Questions:
NLD can accurately represent the process of neurofeedback. True

Dynamic thresholds may work well for inhibits, depending on the equipment and software used. True

Static thresholds can be used to implement dynamical thresholds depending on the equipment and software used. True

"Dredging and Mulling" occurs at 42 Hz. False

The major attractors of disorder are: 3 & 5
Alpha (8-13 Hz) should be dominant in adults who are alert, awake and aware of their surroundings. False

Sterman discovered that 21 Hz augmentation was prophylactic against seizure activity. False

Interleaving 21 and 40 Hz Training For Clinical Efficacy And Spiritual Exploration: Using The "Mystical Symmetry" for Profound Transformation
Valdeane W. Brown, Ph.D. and Susan Cheshire Brown, Ph.D.

Many clinicians are aware of the power of Alpha-Theta training for promoting remediation of substance abuse, deep personal change, and spiritual growth and transformation. But there are limitations to this approach. One limitation is the use of abreactive practices as an adjunct. Although potentially helpful, abreactive excursions into profound emotionality can be deeply problematic unless skillfully handled by the clinician; moreover, at best they are always uncomfortable as well as directly painful and disruptiv, more usually, for the client. The good news is that these excursions can be completely eliminated through the effective use of multiple, bilateral inhibits a la the Period 3 Approach. The even better news is that interleaving 21 & 40 Hz bilateral augments, can be even more powerful, direct, rejuvenative and spiritually uplifting, without subjecting clients to unnecessary pain or suffering. These two augment targets are unique in the field. Although 40 Hz training has been used intermittently since its identifications in the 60s, equipment limitations have greatly constrained its clinical usefulness. This target has simply been too fast and too close to 60 Hz to be accurately registered by older, slower and less resilient amplifiers and filtering schemas. The other augment target, 21 Hz, has only come into relative prominence in the last few years. Discovered serendipitously by the presenters, it has demonstrated astounding effects up and down the entire spectrum (from 2-42 Hz) across the range of disorders that respond to Neurofeedback. Used together in conjunction with appropriate, mulipile, bilateral inhibits, these augments form a symmetry pair: the effect produced by one target of this pair is balanced by training the other. In general, increasing access to 21 Hz leads to a rippling and loosening up and down the entire spectrum. From a Non-Linear, Dynamical perspective, this behavior results in a disrupting of tightly held attractors: most notably excursions at 3 and 5 Hz and elevations at 10 Hz with eyes open. Augmenting 40 Hz has a reciprocal effect, leading to a reintegrating, recrystallizing or renormalizing (ie a tightening up or coming togeher) of the entire spectrum as the system seeks its new level of autopoetic self-regulation. Interestingly, however, the specific valences of the effects of 21 and 40 Hz can be reversed. We call the effects of this combination of augments s"Mystical Symmetry" and it is one of our major training paradigms. In this presentation we will describe this process in detail and, through the use of clinical vignettes and data, outline how to use the Mystical Symmetry of 21 and 40 Hz to allow your clients to access profoundly transformative states. 

Interleaving 21 and 40 Hz Training For Clinical Efficacy And Spiritual Exploration: Using The "Mystical Symmetry" for Profound Transformation
Valdeane W. Brown, Ph.D. and Susan Cheshire Brown, Ph.D.

Many clinicians are aware of the power of Alpha-Theta training for promoting remediation of substance abuse, deep personal change, and spiritual growth and transformation. But there are limitations to this approach. One limitation is the use of abreactive practices as an adjunct. Although potentially helpful, abreactive excursions into profound emotionality can be deeply problematic unless skillfully handled by the clinician; moreover, at best they are always uncomfortable as well as directly painful and disruptiv, more usually, for the client. The good news is that these excursions can be completely eliminated through the effective use of multiple, bilateral inhibits a la the Period 3 Approach. The even better news is that interleaving 21 & 40 Hz bilateral augments, can be even more powerful, direct, rejuvenative and spiritually uplifting, without subjecting clients to unnecessary pain or suffering. These two augment targets are unique in the field. Although 40 Hz training has been used intermittently since its identifications in the 60s, equipment limitations have greatly constrained its clinical usefulness. This target has simply been too fast and too close to 60 Hz to be accurately registered by older, slower and less resilient amplifiers and filtering schemas. The other augment target, 21 Hz, has only come into relative prominence in the last few years. Discovered serendipitously by the presenters, it has demonstrated astounding effects up and down the entire spectrum (from 2-42 Hz) across the range of disorders that respond to Neurofeedback. Used together in conjunction with appropriate, mulipile, bilateral inhibits, these augments form a symmetry pair: the effect produced by one target of this pair is balanced by training the other. In general, increasing access to 21 Hz leads to a rippling and loosening up and down the entire spectrum. From a Non-Linear, Dynamical perspective, this behavior results in a disrupting of tightly held attractors: most notably excursions at 3 and 5 Hz and elevations at 10 Hz with eyes open. Augmenting 40 Hz has a reciprocal effect, leading to a reintegrating, recrystallizing or renormalizing (ie a tightening up or coming togeher) of the entire spectrum as the system seeks its new level of autopoetic self-regulation. Interestingly, however, the specific valences of the effects of 21 and 40 Hz can be reversed. We call the effects of this combination of augments s"Mystical Symmetry" and it is one of our major training paradigms. In this presentation we will describe this process in detail and, through the use of clinical vignettes and data, outline how to use the Mystical Symmetry of 21 and 40 Hz to allow your clients to access profoundly transformative states.

Panel: EEG, Neurofeedback, And Non-Linear, Dynamical Approaches: Explorations Into The Chaos At The Cutting Edge Of Clinical Practice
Valdeane W. Brown, Ph.D., Tom Collura, Jay Gunkleman, Evelyn Soehner, M.A.

Data Analysis has been a continuing issue in the rapidly emerging field of Neurofeedback. Fundamental questions concerning the characteristics of the EEG signal itself directly affect equipment manufacturers, researchers and clinicians. And these questions can not be avoided any longer ÿ with the easy availability of advanced computing platforms and sophisticated statistical packages, the average practitioner can reasonably address these concerns within the confines of his/her own office. In this panel we will discuss many of the current issues concerning the role that Non-Linear, Dynamical or NLD approaches to data analysis may play in the field of Neurofeedback. Chaos theory, as these approaches are also known, has been applied successfully to many other scientific domains including biology, to economics, hydraulics, aerodynamics, cognitive science, meteorology. In fact, virtually every other field of inquiry has benefited greatly from the insights and techniques afforded by this revolutionary and essentially interdisciplinary approach to scientific inquiry. The Period 3 Approach is explicitly based on these ideas and it has been successfully applied to clinical Neurofeedback across the range of disorders; however, other approaches have been used to explain the training outcomes demonstrated by effective Neurofeedback. Thus, there is a clear difference in paradigm implied by a shift to NLD or Chaos Theory and the question really is: Is there any reason to make this shift in paradigm? Some of the other questions to be addressed by this panel include:

Is EEG stationary or non-stationary and what are the implications of this difference?

What are the differences between linear, non-linear and random processes and which best fits the data we see with EEG?

If EEG can be easily contaminated by artifact, and in fact looks like rough sinusoidal waves, isn’t it just noise?

What is the significance of signal to noise ratio in EEG and what techniques are available to alter it to make our data acquisition more meaningful?

What value does NLD analysis add to Neurofeedback? And what is the cost of that value? Is it worth the effort?

What is the value of traditional linear statistics in analyzing EEG?

How can non-linear effects be used to provide "real-time" feedback to client

Panel: EEG, Neurofeedback, And Non-Linear, Dynamical Approaches: Explorations Into The Chaos At The Cutting Edge Of Clinical Practice
Valdeane W. Brown, Ph.D., Tom Collura, Jay Gunkleman, Evelyn Soehner, M.A.

Data Analysis has been a continuing issue in the rapidly emerging field of Neurofeedback. Fundamental questions concerning the characteristics of the EEG signal itself directly affect equipment manufacturers, researchers and clinicians. And these questions can not be avoided any longer ÿ with the easy availability of advanced computing platforms and sophisticated statistical packages, the average practitioner can reasonably address these concerns within the confines of his/her own office. In this panel we will discuss many of the current issues concerning the role that Non-Linear, Dynamical or NLD approaches to data analysis may play in the field of Neurofeedback. Chaos theory, as these approaches are also known, has been applied successfully to many other scientific domains including biology, to economics, hydraulics, aerodynamics, cognitive science, meteorology. In fact, virtually every other field of inquiry has benefited greatly from the insights and techniques afforded by this revolutionary and essentially interdisciplinary approach to scientific inquiry. The Period 3 Approach is explicitly based on these ideas and it has been successfully applied to clinical Neurofeedback across the range of disorders; however, other approaches have been used to explain the training outcomes demonstrated by effective Neurofeedback. Thus, there is a clear difference in paradigm implied by a shift to NLD or Chaos Theory and the question really is: Is there any reason to make this shift in paradigm? Some of the other questions to be addressed by this panel include:

Is EEG stationary or non-stationary and what are the implications of this difference?

What are the differences between linear, non-linear and random processes and which best fits the data we see with EEG?

If EEG can be easily contaminated by artifact, and in fact looks like rough sinusoidal waves, isn’t it just noise?

What is the significance of signal to noise ratio in EEG and what techniques are available to alter it to make our data acquisition more meaningful?

What value does NLD analysis add to Neurofeedback? And what is the cost of that value? Is it worth the effort?

What is the value of traditional linear statistics in analyzing EEG?

How can non-linear effects be used to provide "real-time" feedback to client

Neurofeedback Foundations course: 1 hr on Alpha Theta traiing and the Penniston protocol
Tom Budzynski
 
Academic Performance Enhancement
Tom Budzynski
 
WS2 Neurofeedback and AVS in Stroke, Head Injury, and Cognitive Deficits in the Elderly
Tom Budzynski
 
Brain Optimizing Nutrients & Herbs WS2
Hyla Cass, M.D.
www.cassmd.com
Specific supplement can be used for enhancing mood, memory, and mental performance, and to forestall aging-induced deterioration of mental functioning. These vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and herbs are also useful in treating such conditions as depression, anxiety, and ADD, where they correct the underlying metabolic imbalances.

These nutrients may be combined with neurofeedback for optimal results.

Goals: To inform participants about the use of specific supplements for :
1. enhancing mood, memory and overall mental functioning.
2. protection of the aging brain
3. correcting the metabolic imbalances underlying many common psychiatric conditions
 
Don't Accept Me As I Am - help me to reach my optimal functioning
Sally Church
 
WS2 Mediation and Re-mediation of Cognitive Functioning Feuerstein's Theory:
Sally Church
 
Is There a Self in Self-regulation?
Al Collins, Ph.D.

Psychology, biofeedback, and specifically neurofeedback are concerned with increasing and enhancing self control and self regulation. A number of disputed issues in neurofeedback turn on the question of how this "self" is to be understood. For instance, the question of speed. Does it matter how fast feedback is beyond the limit required for conscious recognition of the feedback signal's meaning? Implicit here may be the notion that an inner controlling self must register the significance of the feedback in order to learn from it. Neurologically, this might translate into the idea that the visual or auditory feedback signal, along with information about somatosensory cortical activity (if this is the area where the electrodes are placed), must reach the prefrontal cortex to be associated, interpreted, and then acted on via a return message to the somatosensory cortex to do more or less of what it was just doing. The assumption might be that an executive self lives in the prefrontal cortex and that self regulation means regulation by this executive.

Most neurofeedback theories seem to follow something like the above scenario. But not all, and in fact many other possibilities would seem to exist. What if it is the somatosensory cortex where feedback about its state (along with visual/auditory signals) is processed? Or could it be the visual cortex, which is constantly monitoring the just-past state of the somatosensory areas along with its own current state? This might imply that faster feedback could be useful. The ROSHI, Margaret Ayres, and other approaches seem to believe something like this is going on in neurofeedback. But what kind of "self" can we imagine in the visual association cortex? Who is doing the self controlling then?

Going further, what if it is the whole state of the brain that is the "self" in self regulation? In this case, even greater delays might be desirable, in order for this self to catch up with its various states, coherences and discontinuities, etc., before processing the rewarding or inhibitory signal.

Speed is only an example. More generally, I will suggest that the kind of "self" involved in self control influences how brain function and neurofeedback is understood and what protocols are thought to be effective. I will briefly survey some Western and Eastern psychological ideas on the self to guide the analysis.

Goals: To increase awareness that our understanding of what the "self" is influences our theories and practice of neurofeedback and to illustrate this with a few examples.

WS2 Buddhism, the Yogic Self, and Neurofeedback
Al Collins, Ph.D.

Neurofeedback, like all biofeedback, is a technology of self regulation. The word "self" in this definition is crucial in understanding what neurofeedback is. The kind of self that is understood to be doing the regulating (or being regulated) differs from one theory of neurofeedback to another. I will propose a taxonomy of neurofeedback theories based on how they understand the self and its role in the process. Because the deepest and most accurate analysis of the self has been done in the Indian and Chinese psychologies of bondage and self realization, I will use these ideas as a basic grid or framework for understanding the self's place in neurofeedback. Western psychological theories of the self will also be briefly reviewed, including Bandura's self efficacy theory, Rogers' and Gendlin's anti-self theories, Jung's distinction between ego and self, and Kohut's biploar self theory. Finally, I will apply Western and Eastern self ideas to the controversy over whether the brain, and therefore neurofeedback, is "linear" or "chaotic."

There are at least three types of self in neurofeedback theories:
1. Self as ego (gaining self efficacy or self control)
2. Self as witness (learning to act while not claiming the "fruits" of action)
3. Self as no-self (reorganization outside self awareness)

In yogic and Buddhist terms, these correspond to the Sanskrit words ahamkara, Purusa, and Buddha. We will discuss these concepts and apply them. At this point I believe that most neurofeedback based on QEEG, decreasing theta/beta ratios, and frontal lobe mastery falls into the self as ego category. Val Brown's and Len Ochs' theories, and perhaps ROSHI, seem to fall into the self as no-self group. Jeff Carmen's HEG, possibly ROSHI, and Anna Wise's Mind Mirror seem to belong in the self as witness category. I will discuss the role of the frontal lobes (especially left prefrontal) as the locus of the self (ego, possibly witness) and contrast this with the "global synchrony" no-self ideas that are not interested in localization and in fact implicitly subordinate the self to a wider organization. It is the no-self perspective that most naturally aligns itself with chaos theory and nonlinearity of the nervous system and neurotherapy.

Goals: To clarify what "self regulation" means in neurofeedback (and biofeedback generally) and to make explicit the implications that different understandings of "self" have for theories and practice of neurofeedback.
 
WS2 Foundations and Applications of Steady-State Visual Evoked Potentials
Thomas F. Collura, Ph.D., P.E.
President, BrainMaster Technologies, Inc.

This workshop will provide a basic understanding of the anatomy, physiology, and psychology of steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) measurements, and their applications in biofeedback. It will begin with a review of the basic science of the averaged visual evoked potential (AVEP), how it is produced, and its major components. There will be a brief discussion of how the various components of the AVEP relate to psychological variables in general, and attention in particular. The relationship between the AVEP and the SSVEP will be described, which will provide a basis for understanding how the SSVEP may be used for diagnostics, and in biofeedback applications. There will be a review of experimental results which give insight into the relationship between SSVEP measurements and clinical conditions such as ADD/ADHD and autism. There will also be a demonstration of SSVEP measurement using filters synchronized to the visual stimulation. This workshop should allow the participant to better understand this emerging modality, and to pursue possible applications in the diagnostic and clinical setting.
 
Steady-State Evoked Potentials as a Biofeedback Modality
Thomas F. Collura, Ph.D., P.E.
President, BrainMaster Technologies, Inc.

Steady-state evoked potentials provide a rapid, accurate indication of the response of the human sensory and perceptual system to an applied stimulus.

A wide range of stimuli may be employed, above and beyond traditional photostimulators and LED goggles. These may include novel computer displays and specially lighted printed material. By using appropriate signal processing techniques, it is possible to measure brain responses in real-time and to use them for the assessment and training of attention, alertness, and related variables. With an understanding of anatomy and physiology, it is possible to design biofeedback protocols that measure and train specific brain pathways and processes. This has nothing to do with "entraining" brain wave frequencies, and is not based upon any specific relationship with endogenous brain rhythms. Recording and training are performed based upon consideration of the relevant anatomical pathways and physiological processes. For example, visual attention can be trained by recording at occipital or parietal sites, and using stimulation and recording parameters based upon the underlying neurophysiology. This talk will present details of the pertinent anatomy and physiology, as well as sample data that illustrate the application of this method in a setting that is directed toward the assessment and training of short-term variations in visual attention.
 
Effects of two flower essences on high intensity environmental stimulation and EMF.
Jeffrey Cram

Summary of Proposal: A scientific presentation is given which examines the effects of flower essences on the stress response. Certain flower essences are thought to have an antidoting effect on environmental over stimulation. This study compared the effects of two flower essence formulas to a placebo control group during stimulation of a high intensity fluorescent. The effects were measured on a 19 channel qEEG, which demonstrated the attenuation of frontal Beta activity (stress response) when flower essences were used. This study lends credence to the use of "essences" in the treatment and prevention of stress related disorders.

Love is a Way of Paying Attention
Les Fehmi and Susan Shor

A stockbroker, viewing his stock picks and talking to his clients in paying attention. A musician playing jazz is paying attention. An athlete who is immersed in his sport is paying attention. Someone who experiences anger or sadness is paying attention.

All of these forms of attention are important in our everyday lives. Love seems to most of us to be one of the more fleeting states of mind. Is it because we don’t bring the appropriate forms of attention to support the experience of love?
 
Objectives:
-discuss various forms of attention according to a quadrant model
-to illustrate the appropriateness of the various forms of attention in each of the quadrants for various human activities
-to recommend an inclusive form of attention that engenders compassion and love.

WS4 Managing Self, Managing awareness ; realizing your true nature through Attention Training.
Les Fehmi

One can spend a life searching for one’s true nature. One can miss altogether the nature of the searcher. Of all the variables associated with the searcher, the way he attends-- the attention he brings to the search --is most critical. If he goes chasing his true nature with a narrow focused atention, he’ll never get to realize other forms of attention, which is the object of the search. The object of the search is to realize his self. but Self is a composite of a multiplicity of forms of attention.

The participant will be exposed to various parameters of attention and will be guided through experiential exercises which enable participants to actually experience forms of attention discussed in the didactic part of the lecture. Attentional flexibility and its applications to personal and clinical settings will be discussed.

Objectives:
-didactic and experiential understanding and realization of various forms of attention according to a quadrant model
-to illustrate the relationship of the various forms of attention in the formation and search for self.
-learn practical exercises which can be used or taught to clients for daily use in practicing attentional flexibility
 
WS2 Integration of Psychdynamic Psychotherapy & Neurofeedback
Sebern F. Fisher, MA, BCIA

In most cases neurofeedback speeds recovery from even profound psychological and behavioral disorders. It has not obviated the need for psychotherapy. It has, however, redefined the endeavor, most profoundly, perhaps, for the psychodynamic therapist.

Among the issues to be addressed are transition, for both therapist and patient, from psychotherapy to psychotherapy with neurofeedback, transference, the role of the therapist, therapist's use of self, and the clinical consequences of rapid change.

Objectives:
Participants will leave with an overview of the complexities of the integration of neurofeedback and psychotherapy.

Participants will have models for effective integration of neurofeedback and psychotherapy.
 
Reactive Attachment Disorder
Sebern Fisher
 
Reiability & Validity of within Subject QEEG measures for predicting performance in a simple cognitive task
Jon Frederick
 
WS2 "breath-walk" - a powerful additional tool for alpha/theta training treating e. g. drug and drug-like addictions
Uwe Gerlach

We'll show you how to do "breath-walk" during the workshop. For this we first tell you the important details in the workshop room, Ramada hotel. We install a 1-channel EEG measurement, probably we use a Lexicor NRS-2D. One of the participants is chosen to be measured on the 1-channel EEG before and immediately after breath-walk exercise. After her/his brainwaves are measured and documented, we leave and do an exercise in the region surrounding the hotel through silent streets for half an hour. Participants should be in a good and healthy condition.

We need a rough brainwave-diagnosis: the relative amplitudes of the spectral bands Theta, Alpha, SMR, Low and Hi-Beta. The data of both measurements - each recorded for five minutes - are saved and the bargraph results can be shown on the PC screen and compared with each other.
"breath-walk" is done the following way:

1) Let me show you how to walk, follow my way to do it, "pace" me, you know what I mean from NLP knowledge. After you have my pace, watch and listen to my breath, do it the same way.
2) the air should be in- and exhaled with permanent consciousness "totally" til the lungs are naturally felt fully or emptily, the breathing rhythm dominated by the walking rhythm. The latter should go into the rhythm of a march.
3) The center of consciousness gradually falls down to the "hara". The two types of breathing (chest and diaphragm) should be used simultaneously.
4) There is no conversation between therapist and client(s) except the necessary communications.
5) In general the training must take place in a lonely nature (park, field or wood) region. Be aware of the fact that in pure nature we are surrounded by the dominant frequency 7.8 Hertz which facilitates the desired crossing of thresholds of normal consciousness.
6) People who don't take part, are not "present", no contact recommended.
7) No extra climbing, because the superfluous oxygen is needed for "crossing the threshold of normal consciousness".
8) Half an hour later we return to our workshop room. We get and collect impressions about what experiences we went through. We discuss it.
9) Immediately after return we measure our person from above on the 1-channel EEG. If we are lucky, this person has had intense experiences, so we should see marked differences of the relative spectral amplitudes to those before the exercise.

Be aware of the fact that this is only the beginning of a training. Nevertheless some of you already succeeded in jumping into another reality, I suppose a vivid, relaxed and sensual intense reality which is worthwile to be explored more often. Maybe some of you go through some strange, may even be anxious moments. Don't worry that's natural, you know as a therapist that anxiousness is always accompanying experiences on a new territory.

As a therapist you should know some psychological facts how this method works and initiates the healing process - we'll talk about it in detail during the workshop:

- similar to our dreamworld during sleep the reality we enter after passing the threshold is totally different from our normal world. This fact is not evident for beginners, but the altered consciousness has ist own laws which shouldn't be confused with normal laws. We feel more vivid, it is a drug-like world, but we experience ourselves very vital, totally positive and gay. The usual defence mechanisms are weakened - if somebody is phobic she/he may come near traumatic events; now the intensity of the exercise should be reduced; ask the person whether she/he is able to continue or better sit down and make a pause; continue as soon as possible - unlike the strategy in Stan Grofs holotropic breathwork it is not the definite goal to go deeply into the abreactions; it may happen or not; let the client decide
- more important is to repeat the training several times a week during a period of several months; maybe you know that it is difficult to remember the insights gained in an altered state of consciousness and to transport its logic into the normal mind; an often repeated training helps to fix the insights for use in usual reality
- you as a skilled therapist should know how to interpret dreamlife; if there are few abreactions, an amount of the psychic energy of the healing process goes into dreamlife; here the classical psychoanalytic therapy helps a lot; as the defence mechanisms are weakened, the problems of resistance are of minor importance; be aware of the phenomena of psychological transfer!!

Brief bio - Dr. Uwe Gerlach, Germany:
Today I'm 55 years old, my profession formerly was physicist. My normal career was in the field of materials science. I did a lot of scientific research and worked many years as a materials engineer.
My second career began in the early 80's with a severe sickness consisting of a deep depression and phobias. I cured them with the aid of bodily centered psychotherapy (holotropic breathwork) and two years of daily deep relaxation training. The relaxation methods were breathwork, floatation tank and sauna. In addition to psychotherapy I experienced transpersonal phenomena and spiritual transformation similar to descriptions of Stanislav Grof.

Since 1990 I am a pioneering part of the Megabrain movement in Germany. I wrote two books around these topics and became an expert of brain technology. From 1991 til today, I offer mental training workshops assisted by light and sound technology. Many workshops take place
in great holiday clubs. In the past four years I became interested in neurofeedback and studied its main structure and its actual state-of-the-art. Four years ago I founded my own company "info-brain"
in collaboration with medical doctors and trainers experienced in light and sound technology. In 98 I wrote a third book about the whole field of neurofeedback dedicated to lay people.
 
Transformations of Consciousness: Spiritual Milestones
Rhonda Greenberg

This presentation will address how to expand dimensions of consciousness and facilitate spiritual growth in everyday psychotherapy. Learn how to effectively support, explore, and effectively use the spiritual transformative techniques and recognize the phases of transformational change. Inner transformation requires one to feel keenly and have

 

 

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